Basic Principles of Rehabilitation Philosophy. Szymanski (2005) states that the basic principles of rehabilitation philosophy are as follows:
a. Everyone adheres to his own values and that must be respected
b. Everyone is a member of the community, and rehabilitation should foster that the person is fully accepted by the community.
c. The assets contained within the individual penca should be emphasized, supported, and developed.
d. Factors of reality should be emphasized in helping individuals deal with their environment.
e. Comprehensive treatment must involve the person completely because the areas of life are interdependent.
f. Treatment should be varied and flexible according to the personal characteristics of the person.
g. Everyone should be given as much opportunity as possible to take the initiative and participate in planning and implementing rehabilitation.
h. The community should be responsible, through all possible public and private institutions, to provide services and opportunities to voters.
i. Rehabilitation programs must be carried out with interdisciplinary integration and between institutions.
j. Rehabilitation is an ongoing process as long as it is still needed.
k. Psychological and personal reactions are always present and are often very important to pay attention to.
l. The rehabilitation process is complex and must always be retested, both for each individual and for the program as a whole.
m. The severity of disability can be increased or reduced by environmental conditions.
n. The significance of a disability is influenced by the person’s feelings about him and the situation he faces.
o. Clients are seen not as isolated individuals but as part of a group that involves many other people, often their families.
p. Predictor variables, based on group outcomes in rehabilitation, should be applied carefully to each individual.
q. Non-governmental organizations are important partners in rehabilitation efforts.
r. Effective information dissemination must be carried out regarding legislation and community facilities related to the interests of the voters.
s. Basic research can be better if guided by questions about its benefits in solving problems, important considerations in the field of rehabilitation, including psychology.
t. Disabled people should be invited to act as co-planners, co-evaluators, and as consultants for other people with disabilities, including professional.
In general, the rehabilitation provided to students with disabilities functions for prevention (preventive), healing (curative), or recovery / recovery (rehabilitative), and maintenance / guarding (promotive).
The prevention function, through the program and implementation of rehabilitation activities, students can avoid things that can add to the heavier / more disability severe / the appearance of multiple disabilities. Through therapeutic activities, parts of the body that are not deformed can be added with strength and endurance, so weaknesses in certain parts cannot spread to other parts that have been adequately trained. Thus the spread of disability can be prevented and limited or localized.
The function of healing / recovery, through the rehabilitation activities of students can recover from illness, organs that were originally not strong became strong, which was not function becomes functioning, which previously did not know to be known, which was originally unable to be able, etc. Thus the healing function can recovery or return or refresher.
Maintenance / guarding functions, for students who have received certain rehabilitation services are expected to have medical, social and organ skills
Certain movements / vocational skills that have been owned can still be maintained / continue to occur through rehabilitation activities carried out.
Judging from the service sector, rehabilitation has a medical, social and skill function.
Medical function, rehabilitation activities carried out by medical rehabilitation officers have a function to prevent disease, cure and improve and maintain the health status of individuals / students. Besides that, it is also to prevent the occurrence of new disabilities, exercise certain body organs, train use of assistive devices / replacement of missing body organs, where all medical rehabilitation activities lead to the ability of children to follow education.
Social function, disabled students generally have social problems, both primary (for example: inferiority, self isolation, etc.). Through effort rehabilitation can function to foster children’s ability to socialize with their environment.
The function of skills, through rehabilitation activities students will have the basics of work skills that will become the foundation in choosing and pursuing certain professional skills in the future.
Ethical Code in Rehabilitation Services
The purpose of a code of ethics is to regulate the behavior of professional supporters in rehabilitation. A code of ethics in rehabilitation concerns obligations rehabilitation staff against;
a. Individuals and families rehabilitated
b. Community or interested parties in the rehabilitation process
c. Peer among professions
d. Professional responsibility and
e. Personal openness
There are eight conditions as a guide to be used as a code of ethics in rehabilitation services, namely:
1) Hold firmly to client’s secrets and other secrets related to clients
2) Respect clients because clients have self-esteem and are individuals who are different from others.
3) Include clients in the problem.
4) Accept clients as they are.
5) Placing client interests above personal interests
6) Does not differentiate client services based on certain terms and status
7) Showing a condescending attitude, simple, patient, orderly, confident, not knowing despair, creative, straightforward and daring to say right.
8) Not selfish, still trying to understand his clients, client difficulties, advantages and disadvantages.
Thus the service provided in rehabilitation is not based on compassion for the person with disability and his inability, but must be oriented towards capabilities that still exist.